Recruitment and Enrollment

Participants were recruited from a low income public housing residence for ethnically and racially diverse older adults aged 62 and above, and those with disabilities in a small industrial city in Central Connecticut. The residence consisted of two towers connected by a large community room, and included 221 one-bedroom units and 240 adults. Intervention inclusion criteria included being:

  1. resident in the building
  2. judged able to complete surveys
  3. cognitively able to give consent in English or Spanish
  4. willing to tolerate a clinical assessment

Exclusion criteria included:

  1. a history of heart valve replacement, endocarditis, or joint replacement, or arterial stent placement or myocardial infarction (heart attack) in the previous 6 months
  2. sole use of languages other than English or Spanish
  3. inability to give consent
  4. under a conservatorship

The building housed first language English and Spanish speakers and the intervention was conducted by research staff fluent in one or both languages.

All residents who volunteered were screened for eligibility. All those who were eligible were asked to consent and those who consented completed a survey administered in either English or Spanish that included background information, the major intervention (mediating) domains, and self reported outcomes. Residents who were interested in the face to face intervention (AMI-PM) were asked to participate before and after in both the survey and clinical assessment, which included ratings for plaque score and gingival index. Participants received $15 for each survey and another $15 for each clinical assessment completed. 

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